合成纤维

2018, v.47;No.354(08) 6-9+16

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咖啡炭改性涤纶的结构与性能分析
Analysis on the Structure and Properties of Coffee Charcoal Modified Polyester

孔繁荣;李中洋;王董董;
KONG Fan-rong;LI Zhong-yang;WANG Dong-dong;Henan Institute of Engineering, College of Textile;

摘要(Abstract):

以椰炭改性涤纶、普通涤纶为对比试样,对咖啡炭改性涤纶的结构和影响可纺性的纤维性能进行了测试。结果显示:与普通涤纶相比,咖啡炭改性涤纶的表面较粗糙,大分子结构基本没变化,结晶度和热学性能有所降低;纤维的强力下降,断裂伸长率、初始模量和断裂比功增加;卷曲弹性率增加,容易发生蠕变和应力松弛;吸湿性变好,不容易产生静电;摩擦因数增大,纤维的可纺性增加,制品的舒适度得到提高。
The structure and properties of coffee charcoal modified polyester fiber, coconut charcoal modified polyester fiber and ordinary polyester fiber were tested. The results show that compared with ordinary polyester fiber, the surface of coffee charcoal modified polyester fiber is rough, the molecular structure has basically no change, the crystallinity, thermal properties and fiber strength decrease, elongation, initial modulus and breaking work increase, crimp rate increase, creep and stress relaxation are easy, hygroscopicity is good and is not easy to generate static electricity, friction factors increase, so its spinnability is increased and the comfort of the product is improved.

关键词(KeyWords): 咖啡炭改性涤纶;卷曲弹性;蠕变;应力松弛
coffee charcoal modified polyester fiber;curl elasticity;creep;stress relaxation

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 河南省科技发展项目(112102310555);; 2016年度纺织新产品开发河南省工程实验室开放课题(GCSYS201609);; 2016年度河南省服用纺织品工程技术研究中心开放课题(CTERC201605)

作者(Author): 孔繁荣;李中洋;王董董;
KONG Fan-rong;LI Zhong-yang;WANG Dong-dong;Henan Institute of Engineering, College of Textile;

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